EDITOR’S NOTE: This story was originally posted on 11 March 2016. It has been updated.
German-born, British cineaste Sir Ken Adam made his name creating objects and sets, most notably for early James Bond films and Stanley Kubrick works.
He won two Oscars during his career: one for Kubrick’s period drama Barry Lyndon in 1976 and another in 1995 for The Madness of King George. The car from Chitty Chitty Bang Bang and 007’s famous ejector seat were also the fruits of his imagination.
Sir Roger Moore described Adam as ‘a friend, a visionary and the man who defined the look of the James Bond films,’ in a tweet.
We pay tribute to the legend with five of his greatest set designs.
Dr Strangelove (1964) – Pentagon war room
Steven Spielberg once told Adam that the reimagined Pentagon war room in Kubrick’s Cold War satire was ‘the best movie set ever built’. It influenced a whole generation of artists and film directors.
Goldfinger (1964) – Fort Knox
Adam was unimpressed with the photos he’d seen of the real-life Fort Knox gold depository in the US so he went and designed his own superior model at Pinewood Studios.
You Only Live Twice (1967) – SPECTRE base
One of his more daring designs, the base of the SPECTRE organisation in You Only Live Twice is within a hollowed-out volcano. The Shinmoe-dake volcano in Japan’s Kyushu region was used for exterior shots, while Adam created villain-worthy interiors at Pinewood.
The Spy Who Loved Me (1977) – Stromberg’s supertanker
Adam’s vision for Bond villain Stromberg’s supertanker was of such a scale that a new studio space – called the 007 Stage – was constructed especially for the film.
Moonraker (1979) – Drax’s space station
For his final Bond film, Adam designed a Modernist-inspired space station that took more than 200,000 man hours to build at studios in France.