Vulgar and populist or experimental and beautiful? Postmodern architecture divides opinion like no other style.
‘It’s almost as if there were no rules with Postmodernism,’ says photographer Rob Low. ‘Or like the architects were given carte blanche to choose their favourite aspects of every architectural style, and then went a bit mad putting them all together.’
Kick-started in the US by architects Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown, PoMo was a response to the ‘failings’ of residential Modernism. It established itself as the go-to architectural style in cities across the world by the mid-1980s, led by the likes of Ettore Sottsass, James Stirling, Michael Graves and Terry Farrell.
PoMo departed from the clean lines of Modernism, drawing eclectic influences from classical design, using ornate decorations and bright colours, while blurring them together like never before. And it spread quickly from North America to Europe…
Low captured some of London’s most iconic PoMo landmarks for The Spaces, including Farrell’s fortress-like M16 building and GMW Partnership’s Gothic-tinged Minster Court.
‘Minster Court is a preposterous, oversized, out-of-place, Gothic-themed office block,’ says Low. ‘But I love the way it looms over its surroundings like some sort of Dracula-esque castle from Transylvania. Architects GMW Partnership took a risk with its design and I like that.’
While some of these structures may look cartoonish in real life, on camera they come alive. ‘The combination of materials used in their construction – glass, stone, metal – and the boldness of their design makes them great to photograph.’
Part of the public’s distaste for Postmodernist architecture, particularly in America, stems from its link to mass consumerism. It was a style championed by global megabrands – bold symbols of their corporate bravado – as seen in the AT&T Building (now Sony Tower) in Manhattan.
In London, though, it was the design of Postmodernist buildings that was at the root of people’s concerns. Many, including Marco Polo House, and the canalside TV AM Building have been completely demolished or radically altered in ensuing decades.
But Low thinks opinions are starting to shift towards PoMo architecture, particularly as its most elegant examples come of age and are now eligible for listed status.
‘People are really starting to come round to Postmodernism’s merits. While not every PoMo building should be viewed as a success, the best examples will gain the recognition that they deserve in time. Many already are…’
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