Berlin’s architecture is famously diverse, revealing the city’s history through its battle-scarred brickwork. A major European trade hub, it has also been a key fighting ground for 20th century political ideologies – most notably communism and totalitarianism – and a testbed for some of history’s most renowned architects, from Karl Friedrich Schinkel and Andreas Schlüter to Modernists like Peter Behrens, Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius.

Though many of the city’s buildings were destroyed during WWII, some of its most significant structures have survived while others have been restored. You can still find medieval monasteries and Prussian palaces among post-reunification experiments by 20th century starchitects, such as Frank Gehry, Rem Koolhaas, Norman Foster and Richard Rogers.

We explore 15 landmarks that give Berlin its architectural thumbprint.

Have we missed one? Leave us a comment below.

See our Berlin city guide

Paul Sullivan is a Berlin-based writer and travel photographer and the editor of Slow Travel Berlin

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